There are no special vaccinations required to visit Nepal, but there is a list of recommended vaccinations. To do them or not depends on the season and the specific area of the trip. It is recommended that tetanus and diphtheria vaccinations be completed within the last 10 years prior to travel. Polio vaccination is recommended, and gamma globulin injections can be given to prevent hepatitis A. For those planning trekking, vaccination against typhoid and meningitis is highly recommended. Prevention of malaria and encephalitis is theoretically recommended for visitors to Terai, but there is no particular danger of infection in Chitwan and other tourist centers. Use of insect repellant and protective nets is sufficient as a precautionary measure.
Do not forget that the water in Nepal is most likely contaminated with microorganisms, and it must be boiled before drinking. Purified water in plastic bottles suitable for consumption is sold almost everywhere in the country. If you decide to drink water from a crystal clear mountain stream, remember that there may be cattle grazing upstream. It is good to have medicines for gastrointestinal disorders with you, because. their likelihood is high. Bites from wild and domestic animals, such as dogs and monkeys, should be avoided. they may have rabies.
The highest level of healthcare in Kathmandu, there are the best hospitals and clinics, but in serious cases it is better to fly home. If you are going to go trekking, rafting or other extreme recreation far from civilization, find out in advance who will be the field doctor and what will be the composition of the first aid kit. It’s nice to have your own first aid kit with you, which will contain a set of the usual “own” medicines, a band-aid, a bandage and hydrogen peroxide. If you plan to climb mountains, be sure to undergo an examination before leaving and find out if you have cardiovascular diseases or other contraindications. At an altitude of more than 2500 m, the so-called mountain sickness can begin.. Its symptoms can be different: nausea, insomnia, headache, loss of appetite, apathy, respiratory and palpitations. The main recommendation, if the symptoms began to interfere with movement, and even more so do not go away during rest, immediately go down. And you can’t send one person down. As a rule, a well-designed route, with not very large climbs per day and a sufficient number of halts, allows you to avoid extreme manifestations of mountain sickness. With its moderate manifestations, it remains only to recall the advice of climbers: the best cure for mountain sickness is moderate work in the fresh air! In any case, overexertion should be avoided, and problems with the heart or breathing should be a wake-up call for you. When traveling in remote places from civilization, one should not be silent about their ailments.
According to LSAT Test Centers, there are several other dangers waiting for a person in the mountains. First, oddly enough, it’s hot and sunny. On a sunny day, even at an altitude of 5000 m, you can get heatstroke, so it’s better not to go in dark and tight clothes and try to drink more on such days. In water from streams flowing from glaciers, or heated from snow, it is better to add salts or flavors for better absorption. In addition, the higher the altitude, the higher the level of solar radiation. It is better to take a sunscreen with a maximum protection factor from home and use it at least in the early days. The nose, ears and lips are especially affected, and in the snow – the nostrils on the underside, due to the reflection of the sun’s rays. The second danger is the cold. It is necessary to have a supply of warm clothes in case of negative temperatures, in a blizzard or snowstorm, hands are the first to suffer from frostbite, feet and face. However, this is more true for high-altitude mountaineering. You should not take tight shoes, because. this can hasten frostbite on the feet.
If an accident results in the victim not being able to be transported by hand or an emergency evacuation is needed, a helicopter rescue can be arranged through the Royal Nepalese Army. This is usually quite an expensive procedure, so it is recommended to take care of insurance that can cover these costs.