Climate in Riga, Latvia

Climate in Riga, Latvia

According to andyeducation, Riga, the capital and largest city of Latvia, is located in the northern part of the country, along the Gulf of Riga, an inlet of the Baltic Sea. Riga experiences a maritime climate with distinct seasons, characterized by mild summers, cold winters, and moderate precipitation. The city’s climate is influenced by its coastal location, latitude, and proximity to the Baltic Sea. In this comprehensive description, we will explore various aspects of Riga’s climate, including temperature, precipitation, seasons, and notable climate-related characteristics.


Riga’s maritime climate results in relatively mild temperatures throughout the year, with distinct seasonal variations.

  • Summer (June to August): Summers in Riga are pleasantly mild. Daytime temperatures typically range from 18°C to 22°C (64°F to 72°F), with occasional peaks reaching 25°C to 28°C (77°F to 82°F) during the warmest days. Nights are cooler, with temperatures averaging around 12°C to 15°C (54°F to 59°F). The moderate temperatures make summer an ideal season for outdoor activities and tourism.
  • Winter (December to February): Winters in Riga are cold and often snowy. Daytime temperatures frequently remain below freezing, ranging from -2°C to -6°C (28°F to 21°F). Nighttime temperatures drop further, with lows averaging between -7°C to -11°C (19°F to 12°F). Snowfall is common during the winter months, covering the city and surrounding areas in a picturesque layer of snow.
  • Transition Periods (March to May and September to November): The transition months between the wet and dry seasons typically have temperatures that fall between those of the two main seasons. Daytime highs range from 5°C to 15°C (41°F to 59°F), and nighttime lows range from -1°C to 5°C (30°F to 41°F). These seasons offer a gradual shift in temperatures and are marked by the blossoming of trees and flowers in spring and the changing foliage in autumn.

Riga’s maritime climate ensures relatively mild and comfortable temperatures, with seasons that allow residents and visitors to experience a variety of weather conditions.


Riga experiences a moderate amount of precipitation throughout the year, with a relatively even distribution of rainfall.

  • Wet Season (June to August): The wet season in Riga coincides with the summer months, although rainfall remains moderate. Monthly rainfall totals typically range from 40 to 60 millimeters (1.6 to 2.4 inches) per month. Rainfall during this period can be sporadic, with occasional thunderstorms.
  • Dry Season (December to February): The dry season spans from December to February. While winter in Riga is cold and snowy, precipitation during this period is relatively low. Snowfall often accounts for the majority of the precipitation, with occasional light rain. Monthly totals during this season range from 20 to 30 millimeters (0.8 to 1.2 inches) per month.
  • Transition Periods (March to May and September to November): The transition months experience moderate rainfall, with monthly totals ranging from 30 to 40 millimeters (1.2 to 1.6 inches) per month. These months bridge the gap between the wetter and drier seasons.

Riga’s moderate and evenly distributed precipitation patterns contribute to the city’s lush greenery and are conducive to a variety of outdoor activities.


Riga’s climate can be broadly categorized into four distinct seasons, each with its unique characteristics:

  1. Summer (June to August): Summers are mild and ideal for outdoor activities, festivals, and cultural events. The city comes to life with outdoor cafes, music festivals, and gardens in full bloom.
  2. Winter (December to February): Winters are cold and snowy, transforming Riga into a winter wonderland. The season is suitable for winter sports enthusiasts and holiday celebrations.
  3. Spring (March to May): Spring is a season of renewal, marked by warming temperatures and the blossoming of trees and flowers. It’s a time of transition and preparation for the summer ahead.
  4. Autumn (September to November): Autumn offers cooler temperatures and changing foliage. It’s a season of harvest and preparation for winter.

Climate-Related Characteristics:

According to existingcountries, Riga’s maritime climate has some notable characteristics and considerations:

  1. Baltic Sea Influence: The city’s proximity to the Baltic Sea has a moderating effect on its climate, resulting in milder winters and cooler summers compared to inland areas at similar latitudes.
  2. Snow Sports: Riga’s winters provide opportunities for snow sports enthusiasts to enjoy activities like ice skating, cross-country skiing, and snowboarding in nearby areas.
  3. Cultural Heritage: The city’s climate influences its cultural heritage, with seasonal festivals and traditions reflecting the changing seasons.
  4. Tourism: Riga’s climate, with its mild summers and snowy winters, makes it an attractive destination for tourists. Visitors can explore historical sites, enjoy winter festivities, and experience the city’s vibrant culture.
  5. Urban Planning: Riga’s urban planning takes into account its climate, with well-designed public spaces, parks, and heated public transportation stops to make winters more comfortable for residents and visitors.

In conclusion, Riga, Latvia, experiences a maritime climate with mild temperatures, distinct seasons, and moderate precipitation. The city’s climate influences daily life, recreation, and cultural events, with residents and visitors embracing the changing seasons and taking advantage of the opportunities each season offers. Understanding and adapting to the seasonal variations are essential for making the most of Riga’s unique climate and the vibrant culture it fosters throughout the year.

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