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Lisbon Travel Guide

Lisbon Travel Guide

Charming Lisbon is full of great food and spectacular architecture. Sunny Lisbon is an atmospheric and beautiful city destination. With its location in the westernmost part of Europe and the sunniest capital on the continent, the destination is diverse. Lisbon’s historic attractions, combined with a vibrant urban culture and nearby sandy beaches, will entertain both cultural enthusiasts and sun worshipers. The historic capital The Portuguese capital, Lisbon, is located right on the west coast of a country on the western edge of…

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Koh Samui Travel Guide

Koh Samui Travel Guide

Koh Samui is a fine palm island in Thailand. Koh Samui is especially suitable for couples looking for a little luxury on holiday. Koh Samui is ready to challenge even Phuket to the title of Thailand’s most popular holiday island. Thailand’s second largest holiday island Thailand’s third largest island, Koh Samui, with its second spelling of Ko Samui, is located in the Gulf of Siam to the east of the mainland. Koh Samui belongs to the Samui archipelago, which also…

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Bali – an island of thousands of temples

Bali – an island of thousands of temples

It is said that a beloved child has many names. And in Bali there are enough of them! The Indonesian island has been nicknamed the Island of the Gods and the Island of Thousands of Temples . And the names are deserved, as Bali has over 10,000 temples or shrines, each unique. But what is the significance of temples and religion to Balinese? Bali religion and temples The main religion of Bali is Hinduism. Balinese Hinduism is characterized by belief…

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Vatican City Public Policy

Vatican City Public Policy

Current policy Holy See is a country located in the region of Southern Europe. In March 2013, the Catholic Church’s Cardinals gathered to conclave at the Vatican to select a new Pope since Benedict XVI a month earlier unexpectedly chose to resign. The choice of new pope fell on Argentine Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Jesuit priest and former archbishop of Buenos Aires. Bergoglio differed in many ways from his representatives: he was the first pope from Latin America and the…

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United Kingdom Public Policy

United Kingdom Public Policy

Current policy United Kingdom is a country located in the region of Northern Europe. The British voters’ refusal to continue EU membership in June 2016 shook the political life. The question of the terms of the UK’s divorce from the EU, Brexit, and what the new relationship with the EU should look like, has since almost overshadowed all other political issues. Boris Johnson, from the Conservative Party, who took over as prime minister in July 2019, promised that Britain would…

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Ukraine Public Policy

Ukraine Public Policy

Current policy Ukraine is a country located in the region of Eastern Europe. Since a popular uprising led to a shift in power in 2014, Ukraine has been in a permanent crisis. “Brotherhood” Russia has turned into bitter enemy, the economic problems are gigantic and continued corruption undermines residents’ trust in their leaders. Now voters have set their hopes for a TV celebrity who is investing heavily in improving contacts with Russia, and he has more power than any former…

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Switzerland Public Policy

Switzerland Public Policy

Current policy Switzerland is a country located in the region of Western Europe. Switzerland’s system of unity government guarantees stability. Nevertheless, the spirit of consensus has crackled under bitter contradictions in recent years. The right-wing Swiss Nationalist Party (SVP) has been pushing its immigration and EU hostile line hard and, through a 2014 referendum, put the country in a legally and politically uncertain relationship with the EU. The domestic policy debate has long been focused on SVP’s immigration and crime,…

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Sweden Public Policy

Sweden Public Policy

Current policy Sweden is a country located in the region of Northern Europe. Since 2014, Sweden has a minority government consisting of the Social Democrats (S) and the Environment Party (MP). After the very smooth election in 2018, the government has support in Parliament by the Center Party and the Liberals. Government formation took a record time, only over four months after the election, Prime Minister Stefan Löfven was able to re-form government. For decades in Swedish national politics, there…

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Spain Public Policy

Spain Public Policy

Current policy Spain is a country located in the region of Southern Europe. Spanish politics has become increasingly polarized in recent years, where no party is strong enough to win its own majority in Parliament’s lower house, the Congress. The problems of getting a sustainable government in Madrid have led to four national elections in Spain between 2015 and 2019. By the beginning of 2020, it became clear that the Socialist Socialist Party (PSOE) and the Left Party Unidas Podemos…

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Slovenia Public Policy

Slovenia Public Policy

Current policy Slovenia is a country located in the region of Southern Europe. Slovenia has long been regarded as the most stable of the countries that arose during the disintegration of Yugoslavia, but has in recent years been characterized by political instability. Three consecutive parliamentary elections have been announced prematurely and in all cases newly formed parties became government leaders. In March 2020, however, the large right-wing party SDS returned to office and Janez Janša again became prime minister. In…

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Slovakia Public Policy

Slovakia Public Policy

Current policy Slovakia is a country located in the region of Eastern Europe. Slovakia was ruled in 2012 to 2020 by the Social Democratic Smer-SD. The murder of a journalist in the spring of 2018 led to a political crisis and widespread popular protests against widespread corruption in the country. The demands for change led to Smer-SD losing the election in February 2020. From 2016, Smer-SD led a coalition government where the right-wing extremist SNS, known for its outcomes against…

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Serbia Public Policy

Serbia Public Policy

Current policy Serbia is a country located in the region of Southern Europe. Serbian politics is dominated by President Aleksandar Vučić and his nationalist party SNS. Increasing dissatisfaction with what is perceived as an increasingly authoritarian regime has led to a protest movement and large parts of the opposition boycotted the parliamentary elections in June 2020. Preliminary results show that the Serbian Progress Party (SNS), which has ruled Serbia since 2012, received nearly two-thirds of the votes in the election….

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San Marino Public Policy

San Marino Public Policy

Current policy San Marino is a country located in the region of Southern Europe. After eight years with a center-right alliance in power, the Left Alliance won the Adesso.sm in the 2016 parliamentary elections. In recent years, San Marino has been forced to deal with a dramatic downturn in the economy in the wake of the economic crisis in Italy. Politics has been dominated by the question of how best to deal with the negative consequences of the crisis. San…

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Russia Public Policy

Russia Public Policy

Current policy Russia is a country located in the region of Eastern Europe. In the spring of 2012, Vladimir Putin was re-elected president after taking office as head of government for four years (see Modern History). Back at the presidential post, Putin pushed for a stronger control of political life while strengthening Russian influence abroad. The conquest of Crimea from Ukraine in the spring of 2014 as well as the Russian involvement in Syria from 2015 caused Putin’s popularity to…

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Romania Public Policy

Romania Public Policy

Current policy Romania is a country located in the region of Eastern Europe. Following a clear election victory in December 2016, the Social Democratic PSD formed a coalition government with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (Alde). The new government tried to implement reforms that undermined the fight against widespread corruption in the country but the plans did not work out as expected. In the fall of 2019, the PSD was forced out of power and a minority government led…

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Portugal Public Policy

Portugal Public Policy

Current policy Portugal is a country located in the region of Southern Europe. Portuguese politics is largely characterized by the aftermath of the serious economic crisis that the country went through from 2008. Since 2015, the country is ruled by the Socialist Socialist Party (PS). The government has continued to pursue a strict economic policy, but has also raised pensions and minimum wages and lowered taxes for low-income earners. In the 2019 elections, PS strengthened its position but failed to…

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Poland Public Policy

Poland Public Policy

Current policy Poland is a country located in the region of Eastern Europe. Poland took a dramatic step to the right through the 2015 elections, when the National Conservative Party Law and Justice (PiS) gained its own majority. PiS governments have provoked strong reactions both in Poland and within the EU with legislative changes that critics believe threaten democracy by limiting the free media and limiting legal security. But the country’s economy is doing well and PiS’s family-oriented welfare policy…

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Norway Public Policy

Norway Public Policy

Current policy Norway is a country located in the region of Northern Europe. Norway has been governed by a bourgeois government since 2013 with the Supreme Leader Erna Solberg as prime minister. During the first four years, Høyre and the immigration-critical Progress Party ruled together. After the election victory in the fall of 2017, the coalition expanded with social liberal Venstre, and in January 2019 the Christian People’s Party also joined. A year later, however, the Progress Party chose to…

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Nigeria Public Policy

Nigeria Public Policy

Current policy Nigeria is a country located in the region of Western Africa. Nigeria was largely led by military regimes from the mid-1960s until 1999, but since then there has been civilian rule. The 2015 elections led to the first democratic power shift in Nigeria’s history. New president became Muhammadu Buhari, who was re-elected in 2019. At the same time, the Islamist terrorist movement Boko Haram continued to pose the most serious threat to the country since the Biafra war…

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Niger Public Policy

Niger Public Policy

Current policy Niger is a country located in the region of Western Africa. After over 20 years in opposition, Mahamadou Issoufou and his party the Nigerian Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS) came to power in 2011. The first years Issoufou enjoyed broad support but in 2013 a conflict broke out within the government which then burst. The conflict deepened until the 2016 election. Issofou was re-elected but the election was partially boycotted by the opposition. Issoufou won the 2011…

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Netherlands Public Policy

Netherlands Public Policy

Current policy Netherlands is a country located in the region of Western Europe. Prime Minister Mark Rutte has been head of government in the Netherlands since 2010. His first government became quite short-lived as it lost support in parliament from the right-wing populist PVV. He then led a majority government with the Social Democrats for four years. After the 2017 election, Rutte’s right-wing Liberal Party formed the VPD government with a Left-Liberal party and two Christian Democrats. When the electoral…

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Nepal Public Policy

Nepal Public Policy

Current policy Nepal is a country located in the region of Southern Asia. At the end of 2017, general elections were held in Nepal for the first time since the country was given a new constitution almost two years earlier. Winning became the Maoist party CPN-MC and the communist UML which together formed a left government. Many Nepalese hoped that the election would lead to political stability in a country that experienced ten prime ministers in eleven years – years…

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Namibia Public Policy

Namibia Public Policy

Current policy Namibia is a country located in the region of Southern Africa. The Swapo ruling party has ruled Namibia since independence in 1990. Until 2014, Swapo received over 70 percent of the vote in all elections. Then followed several years of drought and economic decline, which eroded support for the government. After the 2019 election, a weakened Swapo is in power. Although Swapo has been criticized for abuse of power, corruption and slanderous politics, the divided opposition has difficulty…

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Montenegro Public Policy

Montenegro Public Policy

Current policy Montenegro is a country located in the region of Southern Europe. Montenegro is then governed before the independence of the socialist party DPS, which formed a government with various small parties. DPS is dominated by Milo Ðukanović who has been head of government for several times. After the 2016 parliamentary elections, Ðukanović relinquished the Prime Minister’s post to his trusted Duško Marković, but he ran for president two years later and won in the first round. Both Ðukanović…

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Moldova Public Policy

Moldova Public Policy

Current policy Moldova is a country located in the region of Eastern Europe. Moldovan domestic politics is characterized by deep contradictions between Russia-friendly and EU-oriented parties. The latter remained in power for ten years from 2009. In December 2016, Igor Dodon of the strongly Prorussian Socialist Party won the first direct presidential election in two decades, paving the way for a permanent battle between the president and the government. Following the autumn 2014 parliamentary elections, a liberal EU-friendly minority government…

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Malta Public Policy

Malta Public Policy

Current policy Malta is a country located in the region of Southern Europe. The Social Democratic Labor Party took over government power in 2013. The party was re-elected in the summer of 2017, even though leading politicians within the party were accused of involvement in suspicious business transactions in connection with the so-called Panama documents. In early 2020, disclosures in connection with the investigation into the murder of investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia 2017 led to the replacement of the…

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Macedonia Public Policy

Macedonia Public Policy

Current policy North Macedonia is a country located in the region of Southern Europe. In February 2019, Macedonia formally changed its name to Northern Macedonia, thereby enabling the road to be open for accession to NATO and for membership negotiations with the EU. It took a little over a year, but now the country is NATO’s 30th Member State and the long-awaited EU negotiation ready sign has arrived. But setbacks along the way led to the resignation of the government…

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Luxembourg Public Policy

Luxembourg Public Policy

Current policy Luxembourg is a country located in the region of Western Europe. The spirit of consensus and stability characterizes Luxembourg. The Christian Democrats have dominated politics for nearly a century and led most governments. However, after a recent election in 2013, a government formed of liberals, social democrats and environmentalists was formed. The three parties succeeded in retaining a majority in the 2018 elections, albeit with hardly a conceivable margin, and they continue to rule together. The Christian Democratic…

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Lithuania Public Policy

Lithuania Public Policy

Current policy Lithuania is a country located in the region of Northern Europe. In the October 2016 parliamentary elections, the Center Party of Lithuanian Peasants and Green’s Alliance (LVŽS) became the big winner as it increased from a single mandate in the outgoing Parliament to a full 54 seats. In December of that year, LVŽS surprisingly formed a coalition government with the ruling Socialist Party, the major loser. However, a crisis between the government parties arose in September 2017, after…

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Liechtenstein Public Policy

Liechtenstein Public Policy

Current policy Liechtenstein is a country located in the region of Western Europe. Politics in Liechtenstein is characterized by stability. Two parties alternate as the largest party and they generally form coalition government together. Both are conservative, although the Confederation of the Fatherland (VU) is slightly more liberal than the Progressive Progressive Party (PDB). The parties retained the majority in Parliament after the 2017 election, but lost the votes to the populist Independence. The parliamentary elections in February 2017, like…

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